Marianne Richter (1916-2010).
In 1937, as a student at Konstfack, Marianne Richter was invited to work for Märta Måås-Fjetterström in her weaving studio in Båstad during summer. She developed drawings for Märta Måås’ sketches and produced watercolours used as promotional material. In 1942, when Barbro Nilsson took up her post as artistic director, Marianne Richter started working as a kilim designer in the studio. Parallel to her work as a designer, Marianne worked as a teacher at Konstfack. She produced sketches and drawings for flat weave rugs and fabrics for the studio in Båstad until the mid-1970s.
Marianne Richter’s largest project was the 200-square-metre wall hanging for the United Nations building in New York in 1952. Other important commissions include large knotted pile rugs for several Swedish embassies. She made the lustrous red röllakan Blommor och blad for the Swedish Embassy in Buenos Aires and Forsythia for the Swedish legation in Tehran. In addition, she painted sketches for tapestry flat weaves, often woven in MMF AB’s studio in Stockholm. Her daughter Sara Richter also worked in that studio. In 1974 they wove an entire feature wall, Ett skepp kommer lastat, for the Swedish Embassy in Brasilia.
Marianne Richter created textile compositions for boardrooms and hotels. Later these kilims have been reproduced in different dimensions for private residences. Her large production is above all rugs in various techniques, such as rya, pile and kilim. Her compositions are characterised by vivid colours, geometric forms, pattern variations and a great number of colour combinations.
In the 1950s and 60s many Swedish homes were decorated with her machine made long pile wool rugs. The rugs Kolmården and Sommargyllen were very popular, made in the Wahlbeck factories in Linköping.
Marianne Richter has made calico printing, such as tablecloth patterns with birds, and ceramic objects. She designed birds with real feathers, but unfortunately these have not been readily available. In her later years Marianne Richter made soft dolls in various sizes with painted and lacquered faces with rosy cheeks and ingenious facial expressions.
Marianne Richter signed her carpets with her initials MR in the right hand corner, and the studio’s signature AB MMF in the left hand corner.